Electric bikes are becoming more and more popular every day, and for good reason! They are a great way to get around town, and they can help you save money on gas. But with so many different types of electric bikes available, it can be tough to figure out which one is right for you. In this blog post, we will discuss the different types of fat tire electric bikes available, and we will help you choose the right one for your needs!
1. History of Electric Bicycle
Electric bicycles were patented in the United States in the 1890s. For example, Ogden Bolton Jr. received U.S. Patent 552,271 for a battery-powered bicycle having a "6-pole brush-and-commutator direct current hub motor installed in the rear wheel" on December 31, 1895. There were no gears, and a 10-volt battery could supply up to 100 amperes to the motor.
The motor was designed to run on ordinary bicycle chains and tires. The first production electric bicycle with a double electric motor was made in 1897 by Hosea W. Libbey of Boston, Massachusetts. The engine was designed to fit inside the crankset axle's hub.
Mathew J. Steffens invented a rear-wheel drive electric bicycle in 1898, which used a driving belt around the outside edge of the wheel. A rear-wheel friction "roller-wheel" style drive electric bicycle was also featured in John Schnepf's 1899 U.S. Patent 627,066. G.A. Wood Jr. re-examined and expanded Schnepf's idea in 1969 with his U.S. Patent 3,431,994. Wood's system consisted of four fractional horsepower motors linked by a set of gears.
Yamaha, a Japanese automaker, developed one of the first e-bike prototypes in 1989 and invented the pedal-assist system in 1993. Lee Iacocca, an American car legend, launched EV Global Motors in 1997, a firm that produced the E-bike SX, an electric bicycle model that was one of the first attempts to promote e-bikes in the United States.
E-bikes were referred to as e-bikes, power bikes, "pedelecs," pedal-assisted, and power-assisted bicycles by 2001. More robust types, referred to as "electric motorbikes" or "e-motorbikes," can reach speeds of up to 50 mph. The market today is growing in a fast phase and along with it is the popularity of electric bikes.
2. What is a Fat Tire Electric Bike, and how does it work?
Fat tire ebikes are just like regular bicycles, but they have an electric motor that assists the rider. The motor is usually located in the front or rear wheel, and it helps to propel the bike forward. Fat tire electric bikes typically have a range of 20-50 miles before needing to be recharged, and they can reach the top speed of up to 30 mph. Mechanical or hydraulic disc brakes are found on almost all electric fat tire bicycles.
There are two main types of fat tire electric bikes: pedal-assist and throttle-assist. Pedal-assist bikes have a sensor that detects when the rider is pedaling, and the motor provides power to the wheels accordingly. Throttle-assist bikes have a hand throttle that the rider can use to control the amount of power that is sent to the wheels.
3. Which electric bike should I purchase?
There are several types of e-bikes to choose from, and it really depends on your needs as to which one is best for you. There is an ebike out there for every type of rider!
The following are some typical electric bike types and who they're best suited for:
Mountain electric bikes. These are great for riders who want to explore off-road trails. They have greater suspension, a stronger frame, and specific ascending/descending gears. It's worth noting that electric mountain bikes are graded differently for uphill and downhill riding. Steep hills and off road terrain will require more power and may shorten the battery life. Trail riding is great exercise, and an electric mountain bike can get you there without breaking a sweat! Even though electric mountain bikes are designed to be ridden off-road, there's no reason you can't use one to commute to work.
Electric cruiser bikes. These are the holy grail of electric bikes. They are comfortable, stylish, and perfect for running errands or commuting to work. Electric cruiser bikes are best for leisurely riding, and they come in a variety of styles to suit your personality.
Electric folding bikes. As the name suggests, these are electric bikes that can be folded up for easy storage and transport. They are perfect for riders who live in small apartments or who need to take their bike on public transportation. While most electric bikes are simple to ride, electric folding bikes have a unique handling style. They're normally significantly lower to the ground, with smaller wheels to allow for folding. The only downside of this is it looks awkward for tall people to ride.
Electric cargo bikes. These are electric bikes that have been specifically designed to haul cargo. They often have a large front or rear rack to hold groceries, work equipment, or children. Electric cargo bikes are perfect for running errands or transporting goods around town. Weight capacity and power output are often higher on these compare to other bikes. Its maximum load capacity can go up to 400 lbs.
Fat tire e bikes. These are electric bikes that come with fat tires, which give the bike extra stability and traction. Fat tire e-bikes are perfect for riders who want to go off-road or who live in areas with snow and ice. Are you going to the beach? The shifting sands are no problem for fat tires. Do you want to go for a leisurely ride through the woods? All the roots and rocks on the route will be no match for fat tires. Despite the fact that they include a motor and a battery, fat tires are not the fastest electric bikes available. They're wonderful for leisure activities, but they might not be the ideal choice if you're in a hurry.
As you can see, there is an electric bike out there for everyone! Just figure out what your needs are, and you'll be able to find the perfect bike for you.
4. Why might you want to consider a Fat Tire Electric Bike instead of a traditional bike or electric bike?
There are several reasons why you might want to consider a fat tire electric bike instead of a traditional bike or electric bike. Here are some of the benefits of fat tire electric bikes:
They are great for off-road riding and rough terrains, as the tires provide good traction on gravel and dirt. Less pressure is applied to the ground by the big tires. This lets the tires to roll over the snow, sand, and mud rather than sinking in and becoming stuck as a traditional mountain bike tire would. Flotation is a common term for this feature. Better traction and floatation make it easier to ride over obstacles and in difficult terrain.
The extra-wide and big tires offer a bigger contact patch with the ground, resulting in exceptional traction on slick snow, ice, and sand. When you hit a slick area, the fat bike won't try to slide out from under you.
Fat e bikes are comfortable to ride. Low air pressure is possible with the big capacity fat tires. The tires become extremely soft as a result of this. Shocks and vibrations from the road or path are absorbed by soft tires. Instead of bouncing off a rock in the trail, the tire deforms around it and absorbs the impact. Suspension is not as important on a fat bike because the tires absorb a lot of the bumps.
Compare to a mountain bike, a fat tire ebike is great for beginners. Fat bikes are simple to ride. Instead of navigating around roots and rocks, you can lumber over them to get past tough terrain. Additionally, the large tires provide exceptional balance and stability.
You can ride in all types of weather, as the tires provide good traction on wet roads. Long rides in the rain are no problem with a fat bike since its capable of handling all types of terrain and weather conditions.
6. Electric Bike Classes And Specifications
Ebikes in the United States are classified according to how they work and how fast they can go. Classes also affect where you can legally ride your bike. There are three classes of electric bikes. These classes are based on the motor size and top-assisted speed. Here is a breakdown of the three classes:
Class I: Provides assistance up to 20 miles per hour. The motor is activated by pedaling. Class 1 bicycles can be ridden in the same areas as conventional bicycles, i.e. in bike lanes.
Class II: These bikes have a motor that provides assistance up to 20 miles per hour. The motor is activated by a throttle. They can be ridden in the same areas as class 1 bicycles.
Class III: The motor on these bikes can provide assistance up to 28 miles per hour.. You need to ride with regular traffic or on the far edge of the bike lane. Rules vary from region to region.
As you can see, there are differences between the classes of electric bikes. Depending on your needs, you'll want to choose the right class for you.
Class I and II electric bikes are the most popular. They're versatile and can be used for a variety of purposes. Class III electric bikes are designed for people who want to ride fast. If you plan on doing a lot of off-road riding, you'll want a class III bike.
The speed at which your ebike goes in pedal-assist mode is determined by the motor, which is more or less better at different types of terrain. They will also have an impact on the rate at which the battery is depleted, depending on which riding you use the most.
There are several varieties of electric bike motors, each of which performs well in a distinct way:
Front drive-hub motor - These are the most common types of ebike motors. They're positioned in the center of the front wheel. These motors work best on flat terrain.
Rear drive-hub motor - These motors are positioned in the center of the rear wheel. These are located directly on the ebike's wheels.
Rear hub drives are more widespread in the market and are easier to install on bikes. Because they are more powerful and handle better, rear-wheel hub-drives are regarded as higher quality than front-wheel hub-drives.
Mid-drive motors - These motors often have the highest power and torque, making them ideal for climbing hills. In comparison to others, they might also be rather light. Mid-drives, on the other hand, are a little thicker than usual, making the bike bulkier as well.
There are a variety of ebikes available, as well as a variety of frames to go with them. There are frames that fold, frames that can be stepped through, small frames, frames with cargo-carrying buckets built-in, and much more. Consider what type of frame will work best for you before making your purchase.
Keep in mind that lighter frames are less taxing on the engine. This implies the battery will be drained more slowly, resulting in less carbon-based emissions in the long term. Frames are also an often-overlooked aspect of the purchasing process, despite their importance.
A hybrid bike with a lighter frame will be weaker in off-road conditions, making it more vulnerable. Although they are extremely convenient, folding bikes are actually heavier due to the additional parts and components.
The amount of suspension an ebike has will affect how comfortable you are when riding over bumps. Suspensions are mechanisms that suspend the bike and the rider in such a way that they are able to buffer the impact of the terrain's jaggedness. These suspensions are essentially mountain bike components. It is, nevertheless, widely utilized on hybrid and commuting bicycles.
Suspensions can be used in a variety of ways and in different combinations. Front suspension, rear suspension, seatpost suspension, suspension saddle, and complete suspension are some of the options.
Full suspension - This type of ebike has a shock absorber in the front fork and rear triangle. Back shocks, solid frames, grippy tires, and a powerful e-drive are all features of full-suspension bikes. They're the kind of e-bikes that can safely transport you through practically any terrain. Full suspension ensures a smooth ride in uneven terrain, as well as increased safety, speed, and comfort, as well as increased traction.
Seatpost suspension - Seatpost suspension gives the saddle allowance to move up and down using either a telescoping or parallelogram mechanism. There is usually a spring, an elastomer, or even compressed air and probably a damper which will help provide insulation against bumps on the riding terrain.
Rear suspension - As the name implies, rear suspension is when there's a shock absorber at the back of the ebike. The rear suspension has almost the same characteristics as the front suspension, including the adjustments. The rear shock is located under the rider, lying in between the front and rear triangles. The shock is located in a pivot system, which uses linkages to facilitate the shock movement within the frame.
Front suspension - Also called forks, front suspension is when the shock absorber is at the front of the ebike. Because it's in the front, it can take most of the impact from any bumps on the road.
TYPES OF BATTERIES
There are seven types of batteries that are commonly used in electric bicycles: lead-acid, nickel-cadmium, lithium-ion, lithium manganese, lithium cobalt, lithium-ion polymer, and nickel-metal hydride.
Lead-acid batteries - These are the oldest type of battery still in use today. Lead-acid batteries were first invented in 1800s and are still being used in electric bicycles. Lead-acid batteries have a high energy density and are very inexpensive, but lack power delivery and have a shorter lifespan.
Nickel-cadmium batteries - Nickel-cadmium batteries offer a higher capacity per pound than lead-acid batteries and have a longer lifespan compared to lead-acid batteries. Its biggest drawback is its high rate of self-discharge and poor electric density.
Lithium manganese batteries - These batteries are very similar to lithium-ion batteries, but last longer and are mostly used in hybrid vehicles.
Lithium cobalt batteries - This is one of the more recent ebike battery chemistries, which gained popularity in 2013-2014 and is still gaining market share. It has a higher energy density than standard lithium batteries. It's also powerful, lightweight, and dependable.
Lithium-ion batteries - They offer the highest specific capacity of any battery type currently available, which is their main advantage. They are more long-lasting and durable.
Lithium-ion polymer batteries - Lithium-ion batteries are the standard in the ebike industry. The most common lithium-ion batteries are those that hold 4.2V per cell when completely charged. They offer more power, long life cycles, supports fast charging, and overall good performance.
Nickel-metal hydride - These are more efficient and last longer than Nickel-cadmium batteries. The disadvantage of this battery is, like nickel-cadmium batteries, charging, since it generates a lot of heat and suffers from self-discharge. It's not recommended for electric bikes.
5. How do you choose the right Fat Tire Electric Bike for your needs and budget?
There are a few things to consider when choosing the right fat tire electric bike for your needs and budget. Here are some of the things you should keep in mind:
The size of the bike. Fat tire electric bikes come in all different sizes. You'll want to choose a size that is comfortable for you to ride.
The type of terrain you'll be riding on. If you plan on doing a lot of off-road riding, you'll want a bike that is designed for that. Conversely, if you'll mostly be riding on paved roads, you won't need a bike with as much suspension.
Your budget. Fat tire electric bikes can range in price from around $1000 to $5000. You'll want to choose a bike that is within your budget.
Once you've considered all of these factors, you'll be able to choose the right fat tire electric bike for your needs and budget.
At Big Cat Bikes, we want to make sure that you have all the information necessary to make an informed decision about which electric bike is best for you. We carry a wide variety of electric bikes in a range of prices and styles, so no matter what your needs are, we have an e-bike that will fit you perfectly. If you have any questions or would like more information about our products, please don’t hesitate to contact us. We look forward to helping you get out on the road and start enjoying the benefits of electric biking!